What is shown on a floor and roof framing plans?

The Floor Framing Plans provide structural information such as the joist location, spacing and direction, as well as the floor heights and stair openings.

What does a framing plan show?

Framing plans for floor and roof construction can be derived directly from the floor plan and must incorporate all information that deals with the configuration of the building. Further, the framing plan shows the layout of the supporting features such as bearing walls, columns, beams, and girders.

What is floor framing plan?

The floor framing plan (Figure 7-34) is a plan view of the layout of girders, beams, and joists. Joists and double framing are drawn in the position they will occupy in the completed building. Joists do not need dimensions at every location.

What does a foundation plan include?

The foundation plan is a plan view drawing, in section, showing the location and size of footings, piers, columns, foundation walls, and supporting beams. The foundation plan is drawn from information presented on the floor plan, plot plan, and elevation plan drawings.

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Why do we create a floor framing plan?

The FLOOR FRAMING PLAN must specify the sizes and spacing of joists, girders, and columns used to support the floor. Detail drawings must be added, if necessary, to show the methods of anchoring joists and girders to the columns and foundation walls or footings.

What is the importance of the floor framing plan?

The Floor Framing Plans provide structural information such as the joist location, spacing and direction, as well as the floor heights and stair openings.

How long can floor joists be without support?

A 2×6 spaced 16 inches apart can span a maximum distance of 13 feet 5 inches when used as a rafter, 10 feet 9 inches when used as a joist, and 6 feet 11 inches when used as a deck beam to support joists with a 6-foot span.

What goes under floor joists?

What Is a Subfloor? Subflooring provides a base for finish flooring and also serves as a platform during construction. It may be made of boards laid either at right angles or diagonally across joists. Or the subfloor may be made of plywood or other panel products that are laid perpendicular to the joists.

What is code for floor joist?

Floor Joist Building Code Requirements

The joist must have a minimum of 1 1/2″ riding on the wall or beam. If the joists are lapped, then they must be lapped at least 3″. Maximum end notches for 2 x 8, 2 x 10, and 2 x 12 respectively are 1 13/16″, 2 5/16″, and 2 13/16″.

What is the best software for structural design?

What’s the BEST Structural Design Software For 2020?

  • Autodesk AutoCAD.
  • STAAD Pro.
  • SAFE.
  • RISA.
  • Navisworks.
  • Autodesk Revit.
  • SAP2000.
  • SketchUp.
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How do you read a lot plan?

Tips on How to Read a Site Plan

  1. Find The Title Block. In the bottom right corner of most plans, you’ll find what’s called a title block. …
  2. Learn the Plan’s Scale. …
  3. Determine the Orientation of the Plan. …
  4. Know the Datum Point. …
  5. Note the Site’s Contours. …
  6. Locate Existing Structures.

How is the roof plan different from the roof framing plan?

A roof plan is used to show the shape of the roof . The roof framing plan is similar to the roof plan but in addition to showing the shape of the structure and the outline of the roof, it also shows the size and direction of the framing members use to frame the roof.

What are the 3 types of foundations?

A Look at the Different Types of Home Foundations

  • Concrete Slab Foundations. Let’s start with the standard concrete slab foundation, since this is the most commonly utilized foundation in modern home building. …
  • Basement Foundation. …
  • Crawl Space Foundation. …
  • Pier Foundation.


What are 2 elements required in a footing plan?

Footing plans provide details on footing depths and widths, slabs and stiffening beams and the type and positioning of steel reinforcement.

How do you calculate footing size?

How to Calculate Footing Size

  1. Determine the width and length of the cement slab in inches.
  2. Divide the width by 12 to convert it to feet. …
  3. Divide the length by 12 to convert it to feet. …
  4. Determine the depth or thickness that is required for the footing in inches. …
  5. Multiply the width by the length and then by the depth.
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Roofs and roofing