What are the factors that must be taken into account in the design and selection of a suitable roof structure?

What are the factors needed to consider in selecting a roof covering?

7 Factors to Consider When Choosing a Roofing Material

  • Roof Slope. To narrow down your list of the materials, pay attention to your roof pitch. …
  • Architectural Authenticity. Honor tradition when replacing your roof. …
  • Weather Endurance. …
  • Long-Term Maintenance. …
  • Energy Efficiency. …
  • Material Weight. …
  • Price Range.

What factor affect the selection of type of truss?

Truss Design

Typically, the ultimate selection will be determined by the architectural style of your house, roofing material and even the type of supporting columns. The design options are numerous, but they can be categorised as flat, pitched and bowstring.

How do I choose roofing materials?

Choosing a Roof Material

Should you be considering other options, you’ll want to consider not only the cost but the color, texture, weight, and durability of your alternatives, as well as what traditionally has been used on houses like yours.

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Is it important to choose wisely and properly the materials to be used in your roof Why?

To avoid roof damage, choose a material that can handle such environmental conditions. Materials like terracotta, concrete and slate tiles, for instance, are ideal for hotter climates. If you live in a colder area, you may want to choose materials that’ll trap heat, such as slate, metal and asphalt shingles.

What are the materials used in roofing?

9 different types of roofing materials

  • Solar tiles. Advanced solar collectors integrate seamlessly into existing shingles, generating up to 1 kilowatt of energy per 100 square feet. …
  • Asphalt shingles. …
  • Metal roofing. …
  • Stone-coated steel. …
  • Slate. …
  • Rubber slate. …
  • Clay and concrete tiles. …
  • Green roofs.

What are the types of roof covering?

There are lot of roof covering material that can be used are listed below:

  • Metal roofing.
  • Solar roofing.
  • Asphalt shingles roofing.
  • Stone coated steel roofing.
  • Clay or concrete tiles.
  • Rubber slat roofing.
  • Built up roofing.

What are the 3 types of trusses?

Common types of roof truss

  • King Post truss. A king post truss is typically used for short spans. …
  • Queen Post truss. A queen post truss is typically a vertical upright with two triangles either side. …
  • Fink truss. …
  • Double Pitch Profile truss. …
  • Mono Pitch Truss. …
  • Scissor Truss (also known as Vaulted Truss) …
  • Raised Tie Truss.

Can roofs be flat?

A flat roof is a roof which is almost level in contrast to the many types of sloped roofs. The slope of a roof is properly known as its pitch and flat roofs have up to approximately 10°. Flat roofs are an ancient form mostly used in arid climates and allow the roof space to be used as a living space or a living roof.

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What are the functional requirement of roof?

(a) Three functional requirements of a roof are:

  • stability;
  • strength;
  • weather resistance or exclusion of wind, sun or rain;
  • durability;
  • fire resistance;
  • thermal insulation;
  • sound insulation;
  • provide enclosure for service; facilities.

Which type of roofing is best?

Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Relatively lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to install, asphalt shingles are the best choice for most houses. They come in sheets that are layered on a roof to give the illusion of more expensive single shingles, such as cedar and slate, that are installed one shingle at a time.

What is the cheapest type of roof?

Asphalt is the cheapest of all roofing materials in the market. This makes it a perfect option for homeowners facing budgetary constraints. A shingle measuring one square foot retails for as low as $1. Homeowners with varying preferences can also choose from a wide range of organic and inorganic asphalt roofing styles.

What is the most durable type of roof?

Slate, concrete, and clay roofing tiles—according to the National Association of Home Builders—are the most durable roofing materials, with life expectancies of 100 years or more.

What are the steps to replacing a roof?

How to Replace A Roof: Basic Steps

  1. Plan ahead. …
  2. Rip off old roofing, and clean the roof bed of old nails and any debris.
  3. Repair roof bed if necessary. …
  4. Install the underlayment.
  5. Install drip edge.
  6. Install roof covering, including ridge cap, flashing and ridge vents.
  7. Clean up debris.

What is roof system?

The term roof system refers to the air barrier or vapor retarder (if present), roof insulation (if present), and the roof membrane, flashing, and accessories. Low-slope Roof Coverings (slope less than or equal to 3:12): Built-up Roofs (BUR)

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Roofs and roofing