Noun. (en noun) One of a series of sloped beams that extend from the ridge or hip to the downslope perimeter or eave, designed to support the roof deck and its associated loads. * the pigeons fluttered up to the rafters , flock of turkeys.
What are the parts of a roof called?
Let’s begin describing the anatomy from the top of the roof.
- Shingles. The roof begins with the most recognizable of roof components: the shingles. …
- Flashing. …
- Underlayment. …
- Ice and Water Protector. …
- Roof Frame. …
- Parts of the Roof’s Edge.
What is the end of the roof called?
Ridge: The peak of your roof is the ridge. It’s the highest point on a sloped roof. Eaves: The eaves are the lower edges of the roof that overhang the home’s exterior walls.
What is a roof beam called?
A beam is the main load-bearing structural element of a roof. It supports the weight of joists and other building elements. A joist is a horizontal member that generally runs across a building and is supported by a beam.
How is a roof attached to a house?
Modern timber roofs are mostly framed with pairs of common rafters or prefabricated wooden trusses fastened together with truss connector plates. Timber framed and historic buildings may be framed with principal rafters or timber roof trusses. … This is accomplished by using metal ties fastened to each rafter or truss.
Why we need to draft a roof plan?
The plan is written to coincide with the scale of your home’s floor plan. It will often include notes that detail specifics about the pitch of the roof, as well as its ridges and slopes. … A roof framing plan is required in new development projects in order to determine how the roof will be framed and supported.
What is it called where two roofs meet?
The ridge is the peak where two sloped roof sections meet. Part of a roof’s frame, a ridge board runs horizontally along the peak of a sloped roof.
What are the top tiles on a roof called?
Eaves (or Top) Tiles.
What is a roof span?
noun. a roof having two slopes of equal breadth and pitch meeting at a common ridge.
What is the difference between soffit and eaves?
To summarise the difference between the two in a construction context, the eave is an area of the roof which overhangs the walls, whereas the soffit is the underside component of this area only.
What are the 3 types of trusses?
Common types of roof truss
- King Post truss. A king post truss is typically used for short spans. …
- Queen Post truss. A queen post truss is typically a vertical upright with two triangles either side. …
- Fink truss. …
- Double Pitch Profile truss. …
- Mono Pitch Truss. …
- Scissor Truss (also known as Vaulted Truss) …
- Raised Tie Truss.
What is the point of a roof called?
Roof Ridge: The roof ridge, or ridge of a roof is the horizontal line running the length of the roof where the two roof planes meet. This intersection creates the highest point on a roof, sometimes referred to as the peak.
What is the space between the ceiling and the roof called?
An attic (sometimes referred to as a loft) is a space found directly below the pitched roof of a house or other building; an attic may also be called a sky parlor or a garret. Attics are generally used for storage, though they can also help control temperatures in a house by providing a large mass of slowly moving air.
What is the easiest roof to build?
The easiest style of roof to build is a gable roof. It only has one ridge cap and is less prone to leaks than a bunch of hips and valleys.
Whats cheaper rafters or trusses?
Because they are usually pre-constructed off-site and brought to the job, trusses are faster and cheaper to install than rafters because they use smaller, cheaper pieces of lumber and rely upon multiple components to strengthen a unit rather than relying on weight-bearing rafters alone.
What holds a roof up?
Trusses are pre-fabricated, triangulated wooden structures used to support the roof. The alternative is to build up the roof’s frame with 2x8s and 2x10s. Trusses are quite common these days because they have five big advantages from the builder’s standpoint: Trusses are incredibly strong.