A warm roof is a type of roof construction which has an insulation layer above the rafters, and immediately below its weatherproof membrane. … A warm roof construction allows heat to be conserved within a property – without the need for a ventilation system.
What is the difference between a cold roof and a warm roof?
You create a warm roof, or a cold roof, simply by applying the layers of the roof in a different order. … In a cold roof, the insulation is applied between the rafters, but in a warm roof, the insulation is applied on top of the existing roof surface.
Which is better warm or cold flat roof?
A cold flat roof insulation requires more work, taking off old boards and replacing them and the roof surface. The thermal efficiency isn’t as good as with warm roof insulation. A warm deck roof is much easier to install, offers great thermal performance but adds height to the flat roof.
What is a warm flat roof construction?
A warm flat roof or a built-up roof (BUR) is one where all the insulation is above the joists/deck, making them part of the warm fabric of the building. The insulation is immediately below the waterproofing layer. The vapour control layer is above the decking but below the insulation.
Does a warm roof need ventilation?
The enclosed void of a warm pitched roof does not require to be ventilated. … Rather than actively ventilating to the outside, entrapped water vapour diffuses through the vapour permeable underlay; negating the need for forming cavities or voids below the underlay.
What happens if a roof is not vented?
They say that poor or non-existent ventilation might cause attic temperatures to rise to 150 degrees or higher in the summer. That can lead to damaged shingles and other roofing materials as well as a buildup of condensation and development of mildew and mold.
Can you turn a cold roof into a warm roof?
No not at all because the warm roof is keeping condensation outside the building and on top off the vapour barrier so it can’t enter back into the building. … For condensation to form it would need cold too meet hot air but now its all hot air inside the building until the top of the warm roof insulation.
How much does it cost to insulate a flat roof?
The lower the U-value the better the insulation properties of the material. To comply with Part L of the Building Regulations 2010, all roofs should be thermally insulated to a maximum U-value of 0.18W/m2K.
How do you insulate a flat roof from the inside?
How do you insulate a flat roof?
- Lay 12mm of plywood or OSB board across the timber joists as a base for the flat roof build-up.
- Install a vapour control layer to reduce the risk of condensation and moisture compromising the flat roof structure.
Does a flat roof have to be insulated?
As hot air rises, roofs are one of the greatest sources of heat loss within homes. This heat loss can be slowed down significantly through proper insulation. Both flat and pitched roofs should have high-quality insulation to improve the efficiency of the property.
What is under a flat roof?
Any sheet of material used to cover a flat or low-pitched roof is usually known as a membrane and the primary purpose of these membranes is to waterproof the roof area. Materials that cover flat roofs typically allow the water to run off from a slight inclination or camber into a gutter system.
What is the best material for a flat roof?
For many projects, PVC roofing is our preferred choice as the best flat roof material on the market. PVC roofing is somewhat more expensive than other single-ply commercial roofing materials, however it offers a wide range of benefits for the price.
Do all flat roofs need ventilation?
Flat roof ventilation allows for the circulation of air in the property, particularly for warmer rooms in residential buildings. … When thermal insulation is placed below the deck, the ventilation must also be on the underside. In the instances where a warm flat roof has been laid, ventilation isn’t usually required.
What is warm roof insulation?
A warm roof is a type of roof construction which has an insulation layer above the rafters, and immediately below its weatherproof membrane. … On a warm roof the weight is taken up by counter battens, which are laid on top of the insulation, a non-structural element.
Why is ventilation important in roof construction?
As the moisture in the air meets the cold surfaces in the roof it condenses, forming water droplets which can drip and collect on the floor and joists, causing widespread dampness. … Some of the major effects of condensation from inadequate roof ventilation are: Structural damage to joists and fixtures.