It consists of rafters and trusses, which are beams that form the shape of the roof and support the sheathing or the next layer. Drainage features are also established during the roof structure phase.
What are the components of a roof structure?
Parts of a roof
- Decking (or sheathing) Usually made from 1⁄2-inch plywood, the decking closes and reinforces the roof structure and provides a nailbed for the shingles. …
- Roof edge (or eaves edge) All the boards running along the edge of the roof or eaves. …
- Attic. …
- Saddle. …
- Ridge. …
- Valley. …
- Underlay membrane. …
- Eaves membrane.
What are the structural components?
Structural components means (i) the foundations, columns, girders, beams, supports, concrete slabs and other structural members of the Buildings, (ii) those portions of the exterior walls of the Buildings lying outside of a plane which is the interior face of the window glass of such walls and (c) all Building Systems.
Is ROOF a structural component?
Structural component means the roof, foundation, basement, walls, ceilings, or floors of a home.
What are the three main components that make up roofs?
Structural Layers of the Roof
It incorporates joists, trusses, and rafters. Together, these three types of beams make up a framework that gives the roof its shape.
What are different parts of a roof called?
Let’s begin describing the anatomy from the top of the roof.
- Shingles. The roof begins with the most recognizable of roof components: the shingles. …
- Flashing. …
- Underlayment. …
- Ice and Water Protector. …
- Roof Frame. …
- Parts of the Roof’s Edge.
What is the function of roofing in a structure?
A roof is a structure forming the upper covering of a building or other shelter. Its primary purpose is generally to provide protection from the elements, but it may also contribute to safety, security, privacy, insulation, and so on.
What is structural elements in writing?
Structure controls the major elements of a story, including plot, characters, setting, and theme. … In this, we see the plot introduced, a crisis or complication, and a resolution. The structure affects the meaning of the story by organizing the theme of the writing.
What are the structural parts of a house?
- Roof. The Functional.
- HVAC. The Finishes.
- Siding / Gutter / Soffit / Fasia.
What are the 3 types of structures?
There are three basic types of structures: shell structures, frame structures and solid structures.
Is an elevator a structural component?
For example, while an elevator in an office building may transport people (an active function), it can qualify as a structural component as it facilitates the occupancy of space in the building (a passive function) and generally would not produce or contribute to the production of income other than for the use or …
Is girders a structural component?
It is the main horizontal support of a structure which supports smaller beams. Girders often have an I-beam cross section composed of two load-bearing flanges separated by a stabilizing web, but may also have a box shape, Z shape, or other forms. A girder is commonly used to build bridges.
What is considered a structural defect?
Structural defects are defined as “a fault or deviation from the intended structural performance of a building element.” These defects are classified as ‘minor’ or ‘major’ defects and can include anything from cracks and wall dents, to more serious electrical or gas issues.
What do you call a 4 sided roof?
A mansard roof is a four-sided gambrel roof, with each side having a double slope of one steep slope, and one shallow upper slope. Mansard roofs are a popular option for buildings wishing to maximise the amount of living space in the building, providing the option to use the loft as an additional living space.
What is the trim around a roof called?
Fascia: Vertical roof trim located along the perimeter of a building, usually below the roof level, to cover the rafter tails at the eaves and to seal off the top of the siding along the rake; also called gutter boards. …
What is the middle of a roof called?
The ridge is the peak where two sloped roof sections meet. Part of a roof’s frame, a ridge board runs horizontally along the peak of a sloped roof. Essentially the spine of a conventional stick-framed roof, the ridge board is sandwiched between the meeting ends of the roof rafters.