What does a built up roof consist of?

A built up roof is composed of several layers of bitumen surfaces and finished up with an aggregate layer or coating. Modern built up roofs often include a rigid insulation layer as part of the built up roofing. Fabrics or layers used on built-up roofing are called sheets.

What is considered built up roofing?

ARMA defines a built-up roofing system as a roof where multiple layers of asphalt alternated with ply sheets (felts) are applied over the roof deck (vapor retarder) and, most often over insulation that is attached to the roof decking.

How are built up roofs installed?

The Process

First, contractors attach base sheets to the roof’s subsystem using roofing nails. Then, they use tar, concrete, adhesive, or asphalt to glue down felt over the top of the base sheeting. Next, roofers install a layer of gravel or cap sheets, which they then cover with a final layer of asphalt.

What is a built up smooth roof?

Surfacing—normally applied to built-up roofs, is composed of either smooth, gravel, slag, or a mineral-coated cap sheet. … Gravel or slag may be embedded into the still-fluid flood coat. Gravel and slag serve as an excellent wearing surface to protect the membrane from mechanical damage.

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Can you repair a built up roof?

The following method of repair is only applicable to roof systems that are asphalt-based. If your roof assembly is a single-ply membrane, such as EPDM or TPO, the application of asphalt repair material to the surface of the membrane can damage the membrane and lead to a much larger patch or even full.

What is a cant strip in roofing?

1 : a beveled strip placed in the angle between a roof and a wall against which the roof abuts so as to avoid a sharp bend in the roofing material. 2 : a strip used under the lower edge of the lowest row of tiles on a roof to give this row the same slope as the rows above it.

Which roofing material is the most durable?

The 5 Most Durable Roofing Materials

  • Asphalt Shingles. One of the most common and popular roofing materials, asphalt shingle roofing is highly favored because of how cost-effective it is without compromising protection. …
  • Metal. …
  • Clay Tile. …
  • Wood Shake. …
  • Slate.


Can you walk on a built-up roof?

Flat Roof Surfaces You Can Walk On

Whether its BUR (Built-up Roofing), TPO (Thermoplastic polyolefin), Modified Bitumen, or Single Ply Roofing, your roofing professional can apply the right waterproofing membrane to make it possible to walk on.

Can roofs be flat?

Homeowners can choose among three kinds of flat roofs, says Bruce O’Neal, vice president of Matthews Roofing, which has been keeping Chicago’s many flat roofs dry since 1934. What are the different types of flat roofs? Built-up roof (BUR), modified bitumen roof (MBR), and rubber membrane roof (EPDM).

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What is the best material for a flat roof?

For many projects, PVC roofing is our preferred choice as the best flat roof material on the market. PVC roofing is somewhat more expensive than other single-ply commercial roofing materials, however it offers a wide range of benefits for the price.

How many layers does a built up roof have?

Built-up roofing systems are most commonly applied with three or four layers of roofing materials to make up the complete roofing system. These layers are typically a base sheet, a fiber sheet, and then either one or two layers of bitumen.

What are green roof systems?

A green roof is a layer of vegetation planted over a waterproofing system that is installed on top of a flat or slightly–sloped roof. Green roofs are also known as vegetative or eco–roofs. They fall into three main categories—extensive, intensive, and semi–intensive.

What is a BUR roof systems?

Built Up Roof (BUR) Systems. … As a system, built-up roofing (BUR) is a type of asphalt roofing that has been around for more than 100 years. It is one of the most common materials used on low-slope or flat roofs.

How do you replace a built up roof?

First, with a built up roof construction, contractors lay and fastened base sheets to the subsystem with roofing nails. Next, they use adhesive, asphalt, concrete, or tar, to glue felt over the base sheeting. Last, the final layer roofers install cap sheets or gravel, then topped off with a layer of asphalt.

What causes a flat roof to blister?

Blisters form when there are pockets of air or moisture trapped between layers of your roof’s membrane or between the membrane and the roof deck. As the sun heats the roof, those pockets expand and stretch the membrane. In severe cases, the membrane will actually crack when the pressure becomes too great.

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How long do built up roofs last?

If properly installed and maintained, a commercial built-up roof can last 40 years. There are a few other benefits of built-up roofing systems: Seamless and Waterproof – The continuous solid surface does not require joints or seams, removing the most vulnerable area for leaking.

Roofs and roofing