It incorporates joists, trusses, and rafters. Together, these three types of beams make up a framework that gives the roof its shape.
What are three major components of a roof?
Parts of a roof
- Decking (or sheathing) Usually made from 1⁄2-inch plywood, the decking closes and reinforces the roof structure and provides a nailbed for the shingles. …
- Roof edge (or eaves edge) All the boards running along the edge of the roof or eaves. …
- Attic. …
- Saddle. …
- Ridge. …
- Valley. …
- Underlay membrane. …
- Eaves membrane.
What are the components of a roof?
The four components that make up a roofing system are shingles, underlayment, starter shingles and hip and ridge shingles.
What is the main component in a roof system?
Roof decking (also known as sheathing), underlayment, roof flashings, ventilation products and shingles are the five main components of a residential roofing system.
What are the 2 main components of a roof?
The 5 Most Important Components of a Roof
- Covering. The covering on your roof performs two functions. …
- Underlayment. The underlayment is a black thin paper that rests on top of the decking to protect it from water or air intrusion and other outside elements. …
- Metal Flashing. …
- Ventilation. …
What is the middle of a roof called?
The ridge is the peak where two sloped roof sections meet. Part of a roof’s frame, a ridge board runs horizontally along the peak of a sloped roof. Essentially the spine of a conventional stick-framed roof, the ridge board is sandwiched between the meeting ends of the roof rafters.
What are roof supports called?
A timber roof truss is a structural framework of timbers designed to bridge the space above a room and to provide support for a roof. Trusses usually occur at regular intervals, linked by longitudinal timbers such as purlins. The space between each truss is known as a bay.
What is it called where a roof meets a wall?
A headwall is a level junction where a roof meets a wall. This illustration shows proper flashing at a headwall condition. Headwall flashing should extend up behind the exterior wall covering and down over the roof-covering material, as you see here.
Is the roof part of the structure?
A roof is the top covering of a building, including all materials and constructions necessary to support it on the walls of the building or on uprights, providing protection against rain, snow, sunlight, extremes of temperature, and wind. A roof is part of the building envelope.
What do you call a 4 sided roof?
A mansard roof is a four-sided gambrel roof, with each side having a double slope of one steep slope, and one shallow upper slope. Mansard roofs are a popular option for buildings wishing to maximise the amount of living space in the building, providing the option to use the loft as an additional living space.
Where do two roofs meet?
Valley—Where two sloping roof sections meet. Valley Flashing—The metal or fabric in valleys, extending in under the shingles on both sides.
What is the function of roofing in a structure?
A roof is a structure forming the upper covering of a building or other shelter. Its primary purpose is generally to provide protection from the elements, but it may also contribute to safety, security, privacy, insulation, and so on.
Will my roof break if I sit on it?
Will my roof break if I sit on it? There are many potential hazards of sitting on your roof. While your roof is certainly designed to withstand many things, lounging is likely not one of them. Sitting on your roof could cause you personal injury, roof damage, or even structural damage to your home.
Can roofs be flat?
Homeowners can choose among three kinds of flat roofs, says Bruce O’Neal, vice president of Matthews Roofing, which has been keeping Chicago’s many flat roofs dry since 1934. What are the different types of flat roofs? Built-up roof (BUR), modified bitumen roof (MBR), and rubber membrane roof (EPDM).