13. PITCHED ROOF: BASIC ELEMENTS HIP:-The angle formed at the intersection of two roof slopes is known as hip. VALLEY:-When two roof surfaces meet together and form an internal angle, a valley is formed. VERGE:- The edge of a gable, running between the eaves and ridge is known as a verge.
Is defined at the upper most part of the building which is constructed in the form of a framework to give protection to the building against rain Heat snow wind etc?
1. A _______________ is defined at the upper most part of the building which is constructed in the form of a framework to give protection to the building against rain, heat, snow, wind, etc. Explanation: A roof basically consists of structural element provided at the top of building from the support of roof coverings.
What are inclined members of truss?
TOP CHORD An inclined or horizontal member that establishes the upper edge of a truss. This member is subjected to compressive and bending stresses.
Is the diagonal Rafter forming the intersection of two sloping roofs?
Valley- is the internal angle formed by two slopes of a roof. Valley rafter- is the diagonal rafter forming the intersection of two sloping roofs.
What is the edge of roof running between the eaves and ridge?
The edge of a gable running between the eaves and ridge is called as verge.
What are the 3 types of trusses?
Common types of roof truss
- King Post truss. A king post truss is typically used for short spans. …
- Queen Post truss. A queen post truss is typically a vertical upright with two triangles either side. …
- Fink truss. …
- Double Pitch Profile truss. …
- Mono Pitch Truss. …
- Scissor Truss (also known as Vaulted Truss) …
- Raised Tie Truss.
What is a four sided roof called?
A mansard roof is a four-sided roof with a double slope on each side forming a low-pitched roof. A mansard roof can help create extra living space. A garret is a full attic or living quarters that can be used.
What does a 6 12 pitch mean?
One of the most commonly used terms in roofing. … Roof pitch (or slope) tells you how many inches the roof rises for every 12 inches in depth. An Example of a roof pitch would be a “6/12 pitch” which means that the roof rises 6 ” for every 12″ inward towards the peak (or ridge).
Which roofing material will give the least expected life?
What materials are used for roofing?
- Asphalt Shingles: typically, asphalt shingles last about 20 years; however, higher-quality asphalt shingles are warrantied for up to 50 years. …
- Architectural Asphalt: these products last about 30 years on average.
What is called inclined member supporting of beam?
The inclined support at the ends of treads and rises of a stair, is known as. A. Baluster. Header.
What do you call the internal angle formed by two slopes of a roof?
Valley: The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
What is a diagonal roof called?
A hip roof, hip-roof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope (although a tented roof by definition is a hipped roof with steeply pitched slopes rising to a peak). Thus, a hipped roof house has no gables or other vertical sides to the roof.
What roof has 4 sloping sides with zero vertical lines?
Hip Roofs. A hip roof style has four sloping sides with no vertical roof lines or walls. Hip roofs are both square and rectangular. They have a more complicated truss and rafter structure.
What is the underside of a roof called?
What Is a Soffit? Your roof by necessity, will often times extend over the walls of your home. This overhang can go by a few names, such as the house eaves or the rafters of your roof. The underside of this overhang, when given a finished appearance, is known as the soffit, which means “something fixed underneath”.
What is the top ridge of a roof called?
Roofing 101: The Anatomy of a Pitched Roof
- Ridge: The peak of your roof is the ridge. …
- Eaves: The eaves are the lower edges of the roof that overhang the home’s exterior walls. …
- Gable: The A-shaped side wall of the home that forms the peak of the roof is called the Gable.
Is the top edge of the roof where rafters meet?
The ridge is the peak where two sloped roof sections meet. Part of a roof’s frame, a ridge board runs horizontally along the peak of a sloped roof. Essentially the spine of a conventional stick-framed roof, the ridge board is sandwiched between the meeting ends of the roof rafters.